what is ejido land in mexico​?

by connie meyerhoff

An Ejido in Mexico are village lands that are communally held in the tradition of the Indian system of land

tenure combining communal ownership, some with individual use. It consists of cultivated land, pasture land, other uncultivated land and the legal town site.  In some cases, the cultivated land is divided into separate family holdings which most often are handed down to heirs. This is the legacy of the revolution of 1910. The constitution of 1917 contained a statute limiting the amount of land that a person could own and through the concept of social utility legalized the federal governments redistribution of land.  Initially small parcels were granted to communal groups whose members worked holdings individually, usually cropland or in common for pasture or woodland. The Mexican reform of 1915 followed a revolution and dealt mainly with land of Indian villages that had been illegally absorbed by haciendas (plantations) which led to a change in Ejido holdings.  Legally there was no serfdom, but, the Indian wage workers were reduced to indebtedness. Thus the landlords mastered the Indians.  The immediate aim was to reform and restore the land its legal owners, settle title and reconstruct Indian villages, also motivated by reducing poverty and inequality.  By 1915 a decree voided all land alienations that took place illegally since 1856 extracting land from haciendas and reestablishing collective Indian villages - the Ejidos. 

The 1917 constitution reaffirmed those provisions but also guaranteed protection of property including haciendas. Nevertheless loopholes and litigation slowed implementation and effective reform came only after passage of the Agrarian Code of 1934 by President Lazaro Cardenas. With massive popular support and with the powerful elites under control, Cardenas tirelessly pushed toward revolutionary goals. He and his advisors elaborated the land reform using land which was expropriated from private owners and created the communal cooperatives and gave them Ejido status, a rural working force or communities. 

That would be a brief history in a nutshell. You may have also heard of people "having trouble with land purchases in Mexico". Chances are they have purchased Ejido. In recent years new laws have made it possible to regularize the Ejido land and foreign investors have been trying to buy up these "affordable" parcels. The process is timely after many years the land is removed from the Ejiditarian and registered with Public Registry meaning it now has private title. Yet the problems may not be over, there is still a first right of refusal to other Ejido, workers of land and family members before it can be privatized and removed from the Ejiditarian lands. In general, as the investor you should demand this Derecho Al Tanto as a contingency of the sale and you should plan to have excess money, time and legal representation. It is possible, but it needs to be done legally.

Los Cabos has many free title properties to offer a safe secure investment.

By Connie Meyerhoff,  Elkers/ENGEL & VÖLKERS SNELL REAL ESTATE. Contact Connie at 480-393-0639 or write her at c.meyerhoff@snellrealestate.com.